Today is 15th of October. It's not just a normal day, but it's the day when more than 7,000 blogs are going to unite their efforts to talk about only one subject .. Climate Change. It's Blog Action Day.
As a religious blog, I must talk about the subject as a religious blog. I'll do all my best to reveal the perspective of Islam about protecting surrounding environment..
Reading the 41th verse of the 30th Chapter in Qur'an we can notice that Qur'an is paying our attention to the essential subject of Environmental Pollution being caused by the hands of human themselves..
"Mischief has appeared on land and sea because of (the meed) that the hands of men have earned, that ((Allah)) may give them a taste of some of their deeds: in order that they may turn back (from Evil)."
In another verse, we can see an obvious confirmation that God created nature in a perfect balance among all its factors, that we must keep that balance..
"And the earth We have spread out (like a carpet); set thereon mountains firm and immovable; and produced therein all kinds of things in due balance." 15:19
When we follow the sayings of prophet Muhammad we can find out all his invitations encouraging all members of Islamic community to spread the trees, reclaim the desert lands..
Allah's Apostle said, "There is none amongst the Muslims who plants a tree or sows seeds, and then a bird, or a person or an animal eats from it, but is regarded as a charitable gift for him." Sahih Bukhari
The Prophet said, "He who cultivates land that does not belong to anybody is more rightful (to own it)." Sahih Bukhari
On the other side, we can also find out when we follow the verses of Qur'an and sayings of the prophet the continuous confirmation to keep the resources of nature and to use them in a balanced way away from any extravagance..
In verses 26 and 27 in the 17th chapter we can find that Qur'an is confirming that we should keep our resources, and not to waste them..
".. But squander not (your wealth) in the manner of a spendthrift. * Verily spendthrifts are brothers of the Evil Ones; and the Evil One is to his Lord (himself) ungrateful." 17:26, 27
In chapter 6, verse 141 we can find the verse paying our attention to the nature, ending with an inhibition to waste the products of nature..
"It is He Who produceth gardens, with trellises and without, and dates, and tilth with produce of all kinds, and olives and pomegranates, similar (in kind) and different (in variety): eat of their fruit in their season, but render the dues that are proper on the day that the harvest is gathered. But waste not by excess: for Allah loveth not the wasters." 6:141
In another verse we can see a direct inhibition to mischief on earth that has been reformed..
"Your Guardian-Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and is firmly established on the throne (of authority): He draweth the night as a veil o'er the day, each seeking the other in rapid succession: He created the sun, the moon, and the stars, (all) governed by laws under His command. Is it not His to create and to govern? Blessed be Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds! * .. * Do no mischief on the earth, after it hath been set in order, but call on Him with fear and longing (in your hearts): for the Mercy of Allah is (always) near to those who do good." 7: 54, 56
It's recorded too in the books of Sunnah, that the prophet inhibited extravagance in using water even when on the side of a river.
Islamic perspective of protecting environment depends on the following points;
a) Respecting Nature.
b) Keeping The Natural Resources From Wasting And Misuse.
c) Increasing The Amount Of Trees.
d) Increasing The Suitable Lands For Agriculture Through Encouraging Reclaiming Dead Lands.
If governments of the world followed that Islamic protocol, the world will be a better and safer place.