Jul 26, 2011

Respect of conventions in Islamic Sharia

Are Muslims obliged to respect conventions signed with non-Muslims?

Islamic Sharia (legislation) did not consider the belief of others to oblige Muslims to respect conventions signed with other tribes or states.

Qur'an obviously and directly reveals that fact in "Repentance" chapter in these verses revealed in the 9th year after prophet's immigration to Medina..

"3. And an announcement from Allah and His Messenger, to the people (assembled) on the day of the Great Pilgrimage,- that Allah and His Messenger dissolve (treaty) obligations with the Pagans. If then, ye repent, it were best for you; but if ye turn away, know ye that ye cannot frustrate Allah. And proclaim a grievous penalty to those who reject Faith.
4. (But the treaties are) not dissolved with those Pagans with whom ye have entered into alliance and who have not subsequently failed you in aught, nor aided any one against you. So fulfil your engagements with them to the end of their term: for Allah loveth the righteous."

They are pagans who worship stone idols beside Allah, however Allah order Muslims who signed a convention with them to "fulfil your engagements with them to the end of their term"!

How a Great God, how a Just God!

There are other verses in Qur'an that order Muslims to respect conventions and contracts in general..

"O ye who believe! fulfil (all) obligations." Surah 5: verse 1

".. and fulfil (every) engagement, for (every) engagement will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning)." Surah 17: verse 34 

".. to fulfil the contracts which ye have made; .." Surah 2: verse 177

"How can there be a league, before Allah and His Messenger, with the Pagans, except those with whom ye made a treaty near the sacred Mosque? As long as these stand true to you, stand ye true to them: for Allah doth love the righteous. " Surah 9: verse 7

"Fulfil the Covenant of Allah when ye have entered into it, and break not your oaths after ye have confirmed them; indeed ye have made Allah your surety; for Allah knoweth all that ye do. " Surah 16: verse 91

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